Phaselis Antique City

2022-12-09

Phaselis Antique City

Visit Phaselis Ancient City-Antalya

Phaselis Antique City on a small peninsula extending to the Mediterranean BC. It is said it has been founded by Rhodesian colonists in the 7th century. In the legend of the foundation, it is told that the colonists' suggestions to the local people for corn or dried fish were answered with the desire for fish. Three harbors of the ancient city It shows that is an important port city due to its location near Antalya. Harbour, agora, and ship depictions on city coins emphasize Phaselis' commercial port identity.

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All About Phaselis Antique City

Pamfilya/ Licya/Likya

Phaselis is known sometimes as Likya and sometimes as Pamfilya. It is actually located between the borders of both regions. In the city respectively in Pers, in the 4th century, BC Kayra Satrabi Mausolo's sovereignty is obvious.  It was one of the most colorful pages of the history of the city when they greeted Alexander the Great in 333 with a golden crown. Phaselis changed hands many times after Alexander. In 167 BC, it became a member of the Lycian Union and published coins. After a period of exposure to the plunder of pirates and the neighboring city of Olympos. 43 BC Roman sovereignty that this period, the city reconstruction and prosperity that will last at least 300 years. The city was visited by Emperor Hadrian in 129. The monumental arch with a single arch at the entrance of the main street starting from the southern harbor was erected in memory of this visit.

Phaselis was among the cities that joined the Kadikoy Council in 451. In the 5th and 6th centuries, which were under Byzantine rule, and after the Arab raids in the 7th century, a new period of prosperity began in the 8th century. After the Seljuk siege in 1158, Phaselis lost its importance after earthquakes and the loss of port functions, and it was completely neglected from the beginning of the 13th century. Traces of Roman and Byzantine civilizations have survived to this day. The city of Phaselis is located on both sides of the main street, which forms the main axis of the city and connects the northern and southern ports. The steps in the southeast corner of the square provide access to the theatre and the Acropolis. The theatre is a typical small Hellenistic theatre. It is understood from the rubble that the theatre building was added during the Roman period and that the wall of the theatre building was part of the walls of the new city that surrounded the city in the late Byzantine state. To the right of the curvature at the entrance to the ruins are the ancient walls of the city in the third century BC and the ruins and some remains of monuments that may be temples or huge tombs. There is a slope behind the northern part of the city's cemetery

 

The 5th and 6th centuries were in centuries under Byzantine rule, Phaselis is among the cities that joined Kadıkoy Council in 451. After the Arab raids in the 7th century, a new period of prosperity began in the 8th century. After the Seljuk siege in 1158, Phaselis lost its importance after the earthquakes and the loss of functionality of the port and was completely abandoned at the beginning of the 13th century. Remains of the Roman and Byzantine periods have survived to the present day. These are located on both sides of the main street which forms the main axis of the city and connects the north-south harbors. The street expands between the agora and the theater to form a small square. The steps on the southeast corner of the square provide access to the theater and acropolis. The theater is a typical Hellenistic theater of small size. It is understood from the ruins that the stage building was added during the Roman period, and the stage building wall was part of the new city walls protecting the city in Late Byzantium. To the right of the bend at the entrance of the ruins are the old walls of the city (3rd century BC) and the foundation ruins, which may be temples or monumental tombs. The slope behind the northern harbor is the cemetery of the city.

Phaselis Antique City Visiting Hours Summer Period: 08: 30-19: 30 (15 April-2 October)

Visiting Phaselis Antique City Winter Period: 08: 30-17: 30 (3 October-14 April)

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