Dolmabahçe Palace was built by Sultan Abdulmecid (1839-1861), the 31st Ottoman Sultan. The construction of the palace began on June 13, 1843, and was completed on June 7, 1856 after the completion of the surrounding walls. The palace consists of three sections: Imperial Shrine (Government Offices), Medical Hall (Ceremonial Hall) and Imperial Harem. The Imperial Shrine was dedicated to the administrative affairs of the state, to the private lives of the Imperial Haremi sultan and his family, for the important state ceremonies in the Muayede Salonuda, which was placed between these two sections.
The" Medhal" Hall at the entrance, the Crystal Stair that serves in connection with the upper floor, has the characteristics of a protocol, the Süfera Hall where foreign ambassadors are hosted and the Red room used by the sultan at the reception of the visitors, this hall has a contemporary decoration. The Zülvecheyn Hall on the upper floor serves as an entrance to the apartment reserved exclusively for the sultan in Mabeyn. This section has work and relaxation rooms and a magnificent hammam with Alabaster marble brought from Egypt where the Sultan lives his daily life. Also, there is a library, which consists of the books of Caliph Abdülmecid, is located in the same section and is one of the prominent rooms.
Muayede Hall is the most magnificent hall of the Palace. Located between Harem and Mabeyn. It seems that this hall has over 2000 square meters, 56 columns, a 36-meter high dome and a 4.5-ton English chandelier from other parts of the palace. The chandelier of the hall was ordered and purchased by Sultan Abdulmecid from England. Although the Dolmabahçe Palace was under the influence of the West and was a model for European palaces, care was taken to build the Harem as a separate section, as in the past, regardless of its functional and interior structure. However, unlike Topkapi Palace, the Harem is no longer a separate building or building complex from the Palace; However, it is a special living unit placed under the same roof in the same building complex.
After the abolition of the Ottoman caliphate, Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, the founder and first president of the Republic of Turkey, used the palace as the presidential residence during the summer and held some of his most important affaires. He died in the hospital, where he preferred to spend the last few days of his medical treatment in a room reserved for him and is now part of the museum. He died at 9:05 am, so his room clock was turned off as a sign of sadness and sorrow for his death.
On November 10, at 9.05 am every year, life in Turkey stops for a few minutes, mourning the death of the founder of modern Turkey
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