After the conquest of Constantinople, Fatih Sultan Mehmet (1460-1478 ), is a palace built in the Beyazıt district of Istanbul; This first palace was later called the Old Palace, following the construction of the old palace. Fatih Sultan Mehmet then had the Tiled Kiosk (cinili kosk), the Tiled kiosk, and Topkapi Palace, where the court took place when the construction was completed.Sultan Mehmed called this place the New Palace (Sarây-ı Cedîd). Sultan Mahmud I (r. 1730-54) was built in front of the city near the Byzantine walls and named latter a large wooden palace with several ceremonial cannons.
When Topkapi was first established, İt is plan was influenced by the splendour of the Adarna Palace on the Tonka River, built by the father of Mehmed II, Sultan Murad II (1421-44, 1446-51). The basic design of the palace is centred on various courtyard and gardens, surrounded by offices designated for government works, buildings and suites that serve as a residence of sovereignty and buildings for court employees who lived in the palace
Topkapi Palace was built near at the end of the Istanbul peninsula. Against the Marmara Sea, Bosphorus and a part of the Golden Horn. Surrounded by Byzantine walls, 1400 meters long, known as the "Sultan's Wall". The palace covers an area of about 700,000 square meters, most of which are reserved for Royal Gardens
Ottoman Imperial Treasures
Kashıkchy Diamond (Kaşıkçı elmas) is an 86-carat diamond exhibited in the Topkapı Palace Museum. The diamond, which is decorated with 49 diamonds in a double row around it, is shown among the 22 most known diamonds in the world.
Topkapi Palace Court consists of two main organizations: The outer palace and the inner palace; the inner part was called "Haramlik" where the family of the sultan used to stay, located in the latter part of the palace. The outer part was for many palace facilities, banquet halls and all those parts were in accordance with this basic organizational principle
Ottoman Palace Kitchen
The kitchen named Kushane was the most important place for cooking in Topkapı Palace. Carefully selected cooks and talented Enderun shefs prepared the best meals for the sultan there.
Topkapı Palace kitchen, which witnessed the most glorious days of the Ottoman Empire, has an important place in terms of the development of the Ottoman cuisine. In addition, many foods and beverages from Anatolian lands have become widespread in European cuisines.
Topkapı Palace kitchen was built on an area of 5 thousand 250 square meters. The kitchen, which consisted of eight separate sections, also had two sweet (pastry) houses. With its cellar, mosque, bathhouse and wards, the palace kitchen was like a big neighborhood.
Ottoman Glass and Porcelain
Three different techniques were used in glass and porcelains in Topkapı and produced during the Ottoman period; Fountain glasses, Opaline glasses, Crystal and White glasses were produced with these techniques.
Ottoman Porcelains, which are in the collection and made only for use in the Palace, are collected in two separate groups: porcelains with the stamp "Eser-i Istanbul" (İstanbul Art) and Yıldız Porcelains. İstanbul Art porcelains, the first porcelains produced by the Ottoman Empire, were first produced in the workshops established in Beykoz during the period of Sultan Abdülmecid (1839-1861).
Ottoman War Equipment
The War equipment used by the Ottoman army were produced in various workshops and preserved in the arsenals (weapon depots), where the War equipment were regularly maintained and repaired. The first Ottoman war equipment producer was established in Edirne. After the conquest of Istanbul, Hagia Eirene Church, located in the First Courtyard of the Palace, was put under duress by Fatih Sultan Mehmet and was used for this purpose until the end of the 19th century.
After the revocation, of the Ottoman Empire in 1922, the Topkapi Palace was converted into a museum on April 3, 1924 by order of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk. The Topkapi became the Islamic museum for having the holy monuments brought from Saudi Arabia, and the royal treasure of the Ottoman Empire, Weapons, sultans clothes and jewelry, and everything that shows the magnificence of that era.
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