Historical Places To See In Istanbul
Istanbul; A time travel between the past and today with its walls, mosques, palaces and museums. Wouldn't you like to go to Istanbul on this journey? We offer special services for you to experience this nostalgia.
Each corner of the city is full of sections of historical events, the old name of the city was Constantinople, local and foreign tourists meet at the heart of historical places. We know people spend a lot of time and money to see this magnificent Istanbul !! Is it worth it? You decide it !!
Topkapi Palace, which was transformed into one of the largest palace-museums in the world in the early years of the republic, is waiting for you with its sections designed with an architectural approach similar to Ottoman nomadic culture and its priceless collection.
The construction of the Topkapi Palace, built on an area of 1000,000 square meters on the Eastern Roman Acropolis in Sarayburnu, Istanbul, began in 1460 after the conquest of Istanbul. Completed in 1478, the palace was used as the administrative, educational and artistic center of the Ottoman Empire for nearly 4 centuries.
Sogukcesme Street is a historical street adjacent to Topkapı Palace. This street, with its bay windows and low-rise historic houses, used to be a residence of palace staff and wealthy families. Gulhane Park, Topkapı Palace, and Hagia Sophia church, this street are located in the triangle and are some of the places to be seen in and around Eminonu. There are twelve houses on the street. One of these houses is the house where former President Fahri Koruturk was born.
Ottoman and Roman traces can be seen on the street. Naziki Tekke Ottoman, Roman Cistern, the important representatives of the traces of the Romans. Following renovation at the end of the 20th century, the street is now used as a hostel. Sogukcesme Street also features a hotel and a restaurant serving French and Turkish cuisine.
Suleymaniye Mosque was built between 1551-1558 upon the request of Kanuni Sultan Suleyman(Magnificent Suleiman) the Architect Sinan in the Suleymaniye district of Eminonu region of Istanbul. Mimar Sinan's 85 years old work is known as a masterwork.
There are libraries, Turkish baths, madrasah (school), shops, and graves around Suleymaniye Mosque. Together with the Suleymaniye Mosque, each is a part of the Suleymaniye Complex. Suleyman Mosque is one of the most important works and examples of Ottoman architecture. There is no single crack on the mosque, despite the fact that there have been earthquakes in Istanbul for centuries
Chora Museum is the Turkish word for the word Kariye, which means old rural in ancient Greek. It is known that there was a chapel outside the city walls before the city walls were built in the 5th century. Since it was near the Blakhernai Palace during the Kommenos period, the church was used as a palace chapel in important religious ceremonies.
Andronikos (1282- 1328), the church was repaired by Theodoros Metokhites (1313), the minister of the treasury of the palace. Mosaics and frescoes in Chora are the best examples of the last period of Byzantine painting. The depth and movement of these mosaics and frescoes are given in terms of movement and plastic values. Chora was used as a church after the conquest of Istanbul in 1453 and converted into a mosque by Vezir Hadim Ali Pasha in 1511.
It is believed that the name of the tower, which the Byzantines called Megalos Pyrgos (Great Horoscope) and the Genoese Christtea Turris (Christ Tower), was derived from the Greek word “gala” which means “milk“. There are also opinions that the word that gives the name to the structure may be of the Thracian origin or Italian.
''Two stories about Galata tower'' according to the beliefs of the Romans, “If a man and woman went to Galata Tower together for the first time at the same time, they would certainly get married”, if one of the two people had been alone before, this talisman would be broken.
Another legend is the love of the Maiden Tower and Galata Tower. The duo is said to challenge centuries because of their feelings of love with each other.
Cafer Aga Madrasah
Cafer Aga Madrasahsituated next to the Hagia Sophia Mosque, this historical place is a place where those who want to give a tea break and definitely seek alternatives for peaceful breakfasts on Sundays must definitely visit. Caferaga Madrasah, built by Architect Mimar Sinan paid by Babussaade lord Cafer Aga in 1599, gained an official status with the arrangements made in 1989.
The foundation provides training in dozens of different fields such as the ney, oud, marbling, calligraphy, tile, painting, and mosaics. Today, it is still used as an art school and gives education to people on the one hand and shows the most hospitality of those who visit the historical peninsula.
Hagia Sophia is the largest church-(again become mosque)built by the Eastern Roman Empire in Istanbul and was built three times in the same place. When it was first built, it was called Megale Ekklesia (Great Church) and from the 5th century, it was defined as Hagia Sophia (Sacred Wisdom).
Hagia Sophia served as a cathedral as the capital's largest church, where the rulers were crowned during the Roman Empire period.
Basilica Cistern is among the most curious places to see, with interesting legends reported to be alive with columns rising in the water. Basilica cistern, which was used by the Byzantine Emperor to meet the palace water need, continued for a while during the reign of Fatih Sultan Mehmet the Conqueror.
The reminiscence of the tears of the forms on the pillars is a legend and a rumor that it is important to represent the drama of many celibates lost in the Great Basilica. Because of this, many tourists have become the focus of interest with its structure, which attracts curiosity. Medusa head, one of the unique masterpieces of Roman period sculpture art, is located in one of the columns in the Basilica cistern.
Hurrem Sultan Bath
Hurrem Sultan Bath, located between the Hagia Sophia Museum and the Blue Mosque in Istanbul; was built by Hurrem Sultan, the wife of Kanuni Sultan Suleiman, between 1556 and 1557 by architect Sinan. Hurrem bath is still next to Hagia Sophia and uses as a luxury Turkish Bath.
The bath, which was active until 1910, was closed in later periods. When the prison was overrun for a period, the prisoners were kept at Hurrem Sultan Bath and used in different periods as a gas and paper store. The Bath, one of the important architectural works in Istanbul, was restored between 1957 and 1958 and served as a carpet sales shop until 2008. The structure, which was designed as a classical bath in the Ottoman period, has a double bath shape and has a length of 75 meters.
Binbirdirek cistern is one of the wondrous tourist places among the living historical sites from the time of the Great Constantine to the day. It is a mysterious place that is built to meet the water need of the city and now it is absolutely located inside the tourist sightseeing lists.
For the Binbirdirek cistern located in Sultanahmet, we suggest you visit at weekend.
Gulhane Park, located in the area between Sarayburnu, Alay Pavilion, and Topkapı Palace, is one of the first organized parks in Istanbul. Even though it was called Gulhane because it was a garden of roses filled with roses, which was used as the outer garden of the palace during the Ottoman period, the history of the park dates back a long time and has witnessed many important events and has been the subject of many works.
The Hagios Georgies Monastery and the Panagia Hodegetria church and Sacred Spring are also in this region, which is also worthwhile during the Byzantine period, surrounded by city walls with the conquest of Istanbul, and many events and festivals are held here. It is used as the outer garden of the palace.
The İslands known as Princes Island (Buyukada), Heybelislands, Burgazislands, Kınalı islands were also known as Prince Islands in ancient times. The reason for this is that many members of the palace crowned during the Byzantine Empire were exiled to this island because they were away from Istanbul and had to live there.
Nowadays, the nostalgic atmosphere has become the first address of weekend getaways because of the still-used phaetons and lack of traffic. The islands have become a sight to many local and foreign tourists who want to picnic, ride bicycles, taste nostalgia.
Dolmabahce Palace, its magnificent buildings of Istanbul, was built in the beautiful part of the Bosphorus. Before the Dolmabahce Palace was built, Evliya Celebi wrote that Yavuz Sultan Selim had built a mansion in this area. At the same time, the area where the Dolmabahce Palace was located just 400 years ago was a bay where the Ottoman Captain housed the navy ships. In time, maritime ceremonies were held in this bay. But after a while, it began to become a swamp. 17th century began to be filled. After a while, this filled bay was called has bahce. Sultans used it to relax and have fun. At this period, it was also known as Besiktas Coast Palace with its pavilions and mansions built in the region.
The Palace, which was built by Abdulmecit I in 1842 and continued until 1853, was used by Abdulmecit for both living and official works. Abdulaziz, the brother of Abdulmecit, also lived here. But neither could sit here for long. After the declaration of the Republic of Turkey, Dolmabahce Palace became the Presidential Residence of Ataturk with the proclamation of the republic. It is of great importance for the Turkish nation to be built during the Ottoman period, to be the Presidential Residence, and to be the place where Ataturk died on November 10, 1938.
Rumeli Fortress was built by Fatih Sultan Mehmet in the district of Sarıyer, which gives the district where it is located on the Bosphorus, just across the Anatolian Fortress before the conquest of Istanbul. Hisar (Fortress) was built to prevent attacks from the north of the Bosphorus.
It is the narrowest point to ensure the safety of the sea. Rumeli Fortress was built before the city siege and was completed in 1452 in an incredibly short period of time, in order to prevent the help and reinforcements that may come from the Black Sea during the siege of Istanbul against an earlier Turkish fortress on the opposite shore.
Anatolian Fortress, is the first citadel built by Yıldırım Bayezid in the narrowest part of the Bosphorus. It is located on a hill consisting of lime layers between the Goksu stream and the Marmara Sea. In the old sources name was mentioned, “Guzelhisar, Akhisar”. It was built to prevent the arrival of aid to the Byzantine Empire through the Black Sea. The Anatolian Fortress consists of the main castle, inner castle walls, and three towers. The main castle is a tower rising on a rectangular plan.
Seven Towers (Yedikule) Dungeons
Seven Towers (Yedikule) Dungeons, although we are not aware of Istanbul's crowds and turmoil, there is actually a different value in every corner of Istanbul. One of them is the Yedikule Dungeons or Yedikule Fortress. Although it was called a dungeon, the purpose of its construction was to welcome foreign kings and high position people who came to the city. Between the years 413-439, King II. This magnificent structure, which was built period of Teodosios, took its present form after the conquest of Istanbul.
Before the conquest of Istanbul, the building was used as a prison for a while, and it was used as a prison, art-house, and zoo during the Ottoman Empire and even the Ottoman Treasury was preserved at Yedikule. The museum, which was connected to the Directorate of the Istanbul Fortress Museum in 1968, was intended to be transferred for the use of a private company in 2004, but the decision was revoked by a court order to maintain its status. Today it is not possible to visit the fortress because of the maintenance work. The venue, which has hosted many open-air concerts in recent years, is expected to reopen soon.
Beylerbeyi Palace was used as a summer palace in the Ottoman period to host foreign statesmen. The palace, which was built by Sultan Abdulaziz in 1861, assumed the duty of summer palace for the late Ottoman sultans and members of the dynasty.
It is one of the top places to visit, in Istanbul to see many important details such as marble craftsmanship in the palace, the furniture used, the unique view of the palace, and the incredible coolness it possesses even in hot weather. It is even possible to go for breakfast in the palace garden.
Ciragan Palace, known as Kazancıoglu Gardens rather than a palace in the 17th century, was built by the Ottoman Sultan III. Ahmet was given a gift to İbrahim Pasha, the Grand Vizier of the period. Ciragan Palace is located, between Besiktas and Ortakoy districts in İstanbul. The interior decorations of the palace, inspired by Western architecture, are quite elegant and remarkable. Cıragan palace, which is among the valuable buildings of Turkey. Approximately 4 million gold has been spent to achieve the grandeur of today. So much so that even the foreign states owed to the construction of the Ciragan Palace.
The most important reason for the similarity with the architecture of the Spanish Alhambra Palace is that it was Nikogos Balyan. Cıragan Palace was demolished many times until it reached its present architecture and was rebuilt. The present-day palace architecture, which is the last form, belongs to the Republican Period. An important feature of Cıragan Palace is that it was used as a royal residence for a short time during the Ottoman period.
Yıldız Palace, located in a hilly area in the Besiktas - Istanbul, the palace began in the 17th century. It was completed in the 19th century and reached its current state. The Kiosks and pavilions built in different periods. The land was transformed into a palace complex with II. Abdulhamid's permanent residence. Dilkusa Kiosk, which was built by Sultan Abdulmecid on behalf of his mother by demolishing the existing structures. İt is now known as Valide Sultan pavilion and Mabeyn pavilion, Malta and Tent Kiosks built during the reign of Sultan Abdulaziz constitute the first beautiful examples of a palace structure.
II. Abdulhamid's decision to leave the Dolmabahce Palace and settle there has increased the number of people living there and has been an area of approximately twelve thousand people; Little Mabeyn Pavilion, Harem Buildings, Concubine Office, Kızlaragası Pavilion, Sale Pavilion, Yıldız Mosque, Theater, Carpenter, Pharmacy, Repair Shop, Kilithane, Tile Workshop, Library, Sehzade Pavilions and the park which was opened to the public in the late Ottoman history with the most popular structures, has been one.
Grand Bazaar is one of the largest and the oldest covered bazaars in the world, located in the center of Istanbul, in the middle of Beyazıt, Nuruosmaniye, and Mercan districts. There are approximately 4,000 shops in the Grand Bazaar and the total number of employees in these shops is approximately 25,000.
It is said to contain about half a million people during their peak days. The market, which hosts 91 million tourists annually, is the most visited tourist attraction in the Turkey. The foundation of the Grand Bazaar was laid in 1461. All shops are built to be the same width. In each street the separate products were found and sold (quilters, slippers, etc.). Even a craftsman could not process the product by showing his workbench to the crowd. The products could not be priced higher than the state set. It was built by Fatih Sultan Mehmet.
Address: Findikli Mah. Petrol Sok. No: 4, 34854 Istanbul
Visiting Days and Hours: Open from Monday to Saturday from 09:00 to 19:00. Closed on public holidays and Sundays.
Egyptian Bazaar, one of the oldest covered bazaars in Istanbul, Bazaar is a famous place for selling dried nuts and delicatessen products, souvenirs, Turkish delight, and spices, etc. An Egyptian Bazaar is a favorite place that tourists prefer especially for shopping. Built-in 1600 by Turhan Sultan, the place is attractive with its openness on Sundays. It is one of the places that should definitely be seen in Istanbul.
Copper Bazaar attracts the attention of foreign tourists, especially in the Beyazit district. Boilers, pots, barbecues, and other items made of copper are displayed around shops as well as sales. The Bazaar, where these copper works are encountered with the intense interest of tourists, is a very unknown place that must be seen.
Tekfur Palace is the only palace to survive from the Blaherne Palace complex in Istanbul. It is located in Edirnekapi district within the boundaries of Fatih district in Istanbul; The thick-walled palace, built adjacent to the land walls and situated between Edirnekapı and Egrikapı, is called Tekfur Palace.
There is no precise information about the construction date of the palace. It is estimated that the Tekfur Palace was built in the 10th or 11th century based on various architectural features. Some historians argue that the Blakhernai Palace was built by Emperor Constantine the 7th as Porfirogennetos, and some historians built it for the residence of the Blaherna Palace staff. The Romans called it the Palace of Constantine and then the house of Porfirogennetos. I understand that porphyrogeneous was a title given to the princes. 7.Constantin was also known for this title. It is known that he built a magnificent palace for his son Romanos. The prospect of this palace is Tekfur Palace.
Eyup Sultan Mosque
Eyup Sultan Mosque, where the water flowing from its fountain is considered sacred, and its courtyard decorated with centuries-old plane trees, is shown as one of the greatest historical legacies left by the Ottomans to Istanbul. The religious structure, which houses the eternal residence of Eyup Sultan, is considered one of the important names of the Islamic World, therefore hosts thousands of visitors who come for worship and visits throughout the year.
The mosque was first built in 1458. However, the construction of the old mosque ordered by Fatih Sultan Mehmet, 1766, as a result of the earthquake has become too bad to be used. The reconstruction process of the mosque started in 1798 and was completed in 1800.
Miniaturk or Mini-Turkey Park, where the model of the various works exhibited in Turkey, 60,000 square meters established the largest area in the world is a miniature park. Miniaturk is located on the Golden Horn coast.
Thanks to its rich content, it has been on the list of historical monuments to visit in Istanbul since its opening.
Miniaturk 15,000 square meters of the park's vast land is devoted to miniature copies of 134 works of monuments built in Anatolia and the Ottoman Empire over a 3000-year period. In addition to the miniatures, which were all built in accordance with the original, there were also demonstration and children's areas, entertainment facilities, and shopping areas.
Hidiv Pavilion is a monument on the ridges of Cubuklu in the Beykoz district of Istanbul. The construction date is 1907. The architectural style of this mansion, which was built by the Italian architect Delfo Seminati by Abbas Hilmi Pasha, the last hidivs of Egypt, was built in accordance with the architectural fashion of the period. Its architecture is nouveau style.
''Hidiv'' is a position that was given to the governors of Egypt during the Ottoman Empire. The HidivAbbas Hilmi Pasha is one of the Ottoman governors of Egypt. At the end of the 19th century, the young Pasha stayed in Istanbul to break the British influence in Egypt and to get support from the Ottoman Empire.
Maiden Tower is a unique structure, which dates back 2500 years ago, lived a history equivalent to the history of Istanbul and witnessed the experiences of this city.
Maiden Tower from ancient Greece to the Byzantine Empire, from Byzantium to the Ottoman Empire, has existed in all historical periods.
Panorama 1453 Museum
Panorama 1453 Museum, the name suggests, is only about the conquest of Istanbul. The museum is also Turkey's Istanbul Panorama 1453 History Museum also has the distinction of being the first panoramic museum. The only covered panoramic museum in the world.
The museum will be of interest to children as well as adults. The details in the museum can be as interesting as the door to a fairy tale for children. Since the museum is located within the boundaries of Topkapı Culture Park, it may be possible to unwind at the playgrounds where children can spend time at the end of the trip.
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