Hagia Sophia Mosque-Museum-Church; How old İt İs ? What Was the Story?


Hagia Sophia Mosque-Museum-Church; How old İt İs ? What Was the Story?



''Hagia Sophia after the conquest of Istanbul by the Ottoman Turks in 1453, as a symbol of the conquest, the Hagia Sophia Church was immediately converted into a mosque.'' (Wikipedia)

Hagia Sophia Museum, which was converted into a museum in 1934 with the decision of the Council of Turkish Ministers, was converted into a mosque again with a political decision on Friday, 24 July 2020, after the Council of State annulled the decision.

With the decision published by the Council of State, it annulled the decision in 1934 to transform Hagia Sophia from a mosque into a museum. President Recep Tayyip Erdogan's signing of the Presidential Decree stipulating the transfer of Hagia Sophia 

to the Presidency of Religious Affairs and opening it to worship, we witnessed the historic day

 when Hagia Sophia will be opened for Muslims with the Friday prayer on 24 July 2020.

 Old Orthodox Christian Church Hagia Sophia

Since it was built as a monastery for Orthodox Christians, it is also considered sacred for people of this faith. The decision, which received reactions from the world, was not a matter of debate as to what effect it would have on tourism. On the other hand, there will be no change in the acceptance of visitors of Hagia Sophia, except for the entrance rules to the Mosque. Since mosque visits are not covered by the museum, it is probable that free entrance will increase the density. It is known to the public with the opinion of experts how the density will affect the Hagia Sophia of sixteen hundred years.

How did Hagia Sophia Change in the Ottoman Period?

After Sultan Mehmet the Conqueror captured Constantinople in 1453 and determined the building as a mosque, it became an important mosque for Muslims. While it served as a mosque until it was converted into a museum in 1934, it was turned back into a mosque on July 24, 2020. The most visited museum among all museums is Hagia Sophia; It is one of the world's leading monuments in the history of art and architecture. Hagia Sophia is considered “the eighth wonder of the world” which was built by

East Roman Philon in the 6th century. Hagia Sophia is the third structure, done in a different architectural style, even though it is still the same place as the former two. Hagia Sophia-Mosque-Museum-Church has seen numerous transformations throughout history from church to mosque to museum

Who Built Hagia Sophia?

The Hagia Sophia structure was built in the Emperor Justinian era (527-565) by Isidoros (Miletus) and Anthemius (Tralles) during the construction works, 100 architects along with two chief architects. Its construction started on 23 February 532 and was completed in a short period of 5 years and 10 months and was opened for worship with a big ceremony on 27 December 537.

Hagia Sophia has been on the UNESCO World Cultural Heritage list since 1985.

Is Hagia Sophia Mosque Open to Visitors? 

After Hagia Sophia is converted to a mosque, tourists will be able to visit the Hagia Sophia free of charge. It will be open to visits outside of prayer hours, like the Blue Mosque

At Hagia Sophia Mosque no light will be used to cover the paintings and depictions. With the screening system during the prayer, the paintings, depictions, and mosaics will be closed and reopened after the prayer. While it is aimed not to damage the historical texture and architecture of the building. The floor of the Hagia Sophia is covered with nice carpets.

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