Galata Tower, Museum And Observation House

2021-06-03

Galata Tower, Museum And Observation House

 

Galata Tower is one of the first things that come to mind when talking about the historical buildings of Istanbul. The building, which has been observing the city for hundreds of years with its majestic appearance, and various stories are told about it, gives its guests the privilege of both learning about Istanbul's past and watching the unique city view.

located to the north of the Golden Horn, with the name "Pera" (it keeps its name as a district adjacent to the Galata region), and this colony's dominance was over time, with the permissions given by the Byzantines. had expanded. The Galata tower was built as a part of the fortifications made in the region between 1335-1349 by increasing the Genoese domination area. In its current state, the Galata Tower Museum takes its name from the Galata district in Istanbul/Beyoğlu district. Built as a watchtower within the Galata Walls, the tower is now used as an exhibition space and a museum. It is one of the symbolic structures of both Beyoğlu (Taksim) and Istanbul. There is nothing good like walking from Taksim square to Istiklal street because at the end of the walk you will reach the tower. Add this place to your list of places to visit.

Before going into details about the Galata tower, the best way to visit important places in Istanbul where you can watch the city from above is to rent a car with a driver who speaks English. Click below for transfer service from Istanbul airport or Saw airport to your boutique hotel in Galata

Walk From İstiklal Street To Galata Tower

Galata Tower History

The first Tower was built in 528 by the Byzantine Emperor Anastasius Oilosuz. The first building was a little far from where it is today. The purpose of the Galata Tower was to guide the sailors as a lighthouse, and it was first made of wood. Despite this, he managed to survive for almost seven centuries and fulfill his duty properly.

It is known that there was a wooden tower in place of the existing tower, and the Latin invasion of the tower that started in 1204 brought the end of the first tower. The Galata Tower was severely damaged as a result of the fire that broke out during the looting that the army established for the Crusade started on the way back. In 1348, the Genoese again built the tower with the wall technique. Due to its location, it was believed that the presence of the Galata Tower would greatly facilitate the defense of the city. After the Ottomans captured Istanbul in 1453, the tower was given tasks other than defense and surveillance.

Galata Tower was converted into a place where Christian shipyard prisoners were used as labor in the 16th century. In the same period, an observatory was established by Takiyuddin with the permission of the Sultan. However, this attempt was short-lived due to the point of view of the positive sciences at the time. Galata Tower has been used for fire observation and informing the public since the 17th century. One of the fires, which was converted into the Janissary Corps in the 18th century and broke out continuously in Istanbul at that time, started in this tower at midnight and was once again severely damaged. The works that gave the tower its current appearance, whose roof fell due to the storm, were carried out between 1965-1967

Walk Around Galata Tower

Galata Tower Depictions At Genoese Period 1348-1509

When its construction was completed, the tower itself was the most magnificent tower of the walls of which it was a part. In the Genoese period, there was a cross on the top of the tower. According to the traces on the tower, it is mentioned that there is a wooden bridge that can be removed when necessary, that provides transportation between the inner city and the outside of the ditches, and that does not exist today.

The tower is depicted in different ways in different versions of the Liber insularum Archipelagi by Cristoforo Buondelmonti in the archives. The tower on the map of Constantinople in the 1420s and 1430s; is depicted higher than the other towers with its conical roof, arch series, cantilever upper floor, and cylindrical structure. On the map on the copy of the University and State Library of Düsseldorf, dated between 1485-1490, the Genoese flag is located on the top of the tower.

When the region came under the Ottoman rule in 1453, the tower was subject to destruction which caused it to shorten by about 7.5 m, according to anonymous Ottoman sources cited by Ahmed Vefik Pasha. After the sultan's edict against Pera, this destruction was stopped and the tower was raised again and the cross on the top was replaced with the Ottoman flag.

Galata Museum Entrance Fee

The entrance fee to the Galata Tower for 2021 is Museum Card 30 TL. Cash 100 TL Individuals between the ages of 0-4 can enter the tower free of charge. 

The historical building is excluded from the scope of the Muzekart.

Galata Tower Visiting Hours

Galata Tower opens to visitors every morning at 09:00. Closing time is determined as 20.30. Of course, if you have made a reservation for the restaurant, you can enjoy the Galata Tower until 22:00.

Long queues may form in front of the Galata Tower on public holidays, weekends, and religious holidays. Therefore, more flexible time planning is required on these dates.

Structure of Galata Tower

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