Galata Tower Tour
Galata Tower is the visual symbol of Istanbul. Witnessing different times from Byzantine to Ottoman, this tower is an important part of the city's memory. Let's get to know the Galata Tower closely.
Before going into details about the Galata tower, the best way to visit important places in Istanbul where you can watch the city from above is to rent a car with a driver who speaks English. Click below for a transfer from Istanbul airport or Saw airport to your boutique hotel in Galata
Galata Tower Walking Tour
Galata Tower View
Galata Tower is one of the first things that come to mind when talking about the historical buildings of Istanbul. The building, which has been observing the city for hundreds of years with its majestic appearance, and various stories told about it, gives its guests the privilege of both learning about Istanbul's past and watching the unique city view.
Explore Galata Tower
located to the north of the Golden Horn, with the name "Pera" (it keeps its name as a district adjacent to the Galata region), and this colony's dominance was over time, with the permissions given by the Byzantines. had expanded. The Galata tower was built as a part of the fortifications made in the region between 1335-1349 by increasing the Genoese domination area. In its current state, the Galata Tower Museum takes its name from the Galata district in Istanbul/Beyoğlu district. Built as a watchtower within the Galata Walls, the tower is now used as an exhibition space and a museum. It is one of the symbolic structures of both Beyoğlu (Taksim) and Istanbul. There is nothing good like walking from Taksim square to Istiklal street because at the end of the walk you will reach the tower. Add this place to your list of places to visit.
Galata Tower Observation Terrace
History Of The Galata Tower
The first Tower was built in 528 by the Byzantine Emperor Anastasius Oilosuz. The first building was a little far from where it is today. The purpose of the Galata Tower was to guide the sailors as a lighthouse, and it was first made of wood. Despite this, he managed to survive for almost seven centuries and fulfill his duty properly.
It is known that there was a wooden tower in place of the existing tower, and the Latin invasion of the tower that started in 1204 brought the end of the first tower. The Galata Tower was severely damaged as a result of the fire that broke out during the looting that the army established for the Crusade started on the way back. In 1348, the Genoese again built the tower with the wall technique. Due to its location, it was believed that the presence of the Galata Tower would greatly facilitate the defense of the city. After the Ottomans captured Istanbul in 1453, the tower was given tasks other than defense and surveillance.
Galata Tower was converted into a place where Christian shipyard prisoners were used as labor in the 16th century. In the same period, an observatory was established by Takiyuddin with the permission of the Sultan. However, this attempt was short-lived due to the point of view of the positive sciences at the time. Galata Tower has been used for fire observation and informing the public since the 17th century. One of the fires, which was converted into the Janissary Corps in the 18th century and broke out continuously in Istanbul at that time, started in this tower at midnight and was once again severely damaged. The works that gave the tower its current appearance, whose roof fell due to the storm, were carried out between 1965-1967
Galata Tower Depictions At Genoese Period 1348-1509
When its construction was completed, the tower itself was the most magnificent tower of the walls of which it was a part. In the Genoese period, there was a cross on the top of the tower. According to the traces on the tower, it is mentioned that there is a wooden bridge that can be removed when necessary, that provides transportation between the inner city and the outside of the ditches, and that does not exist today.
The tower is depicted in different ways in different versions of the Liber İnsularum Archipelagi by Cristoforo Buondelmonti in the archives. The tower on the map of Constantinople in the 1420s and 1430s; is depicted higher than the other towers with its conical roof, arch series, cantilever upper floor, and cylindrical structure. On the map on the copy of the University and State Library of Düsseldorf, dated between 1485-1490, the Genoese flag is located on the top of the tower.
When the region came under the Ottoman rule in 1453, the tower was subject to destruction which caused it to shorten by about 7.5 m, according to anonymous Ottoman sources cited by Ahmed Vefik Pasha. After the sultan's edict against Pera, this destruction was stopped and the tower was raised again and the cross on the top was replaced with the Ottoman flag.
İstiklal Street To Galata Tower
Galata Tower Legends
Galata Tower Love Legend
According to Roman traditions, it was believed that when couples who truly loved each other went to the Galata Tower together for the first time, they would definitely get married.
There were two young people who were in love with each other living in this period. Both of them are burning with love and their eyes see no one but each other. But couples could not persuade parents to marry. The only way left is to go to the Galata Tower together. Until that time, neither the towers, which were called "unable to meet", nor the tower that brought the lovers together. At most, they said, going to Galata would save us.
But the young man had a situation that was gnawing at his heart and that his loved one did not know. The boy has been to this tower before, with another girl. At that time, the young man took a naive girl to the Galata Tower to deceive him, but when he met the one he loved, he closed his heart to other girls, but he also has a great conscience. He thought for nights but could not open his heart to the young girl. In the end, he could not stand the insistence of the young girl, and one night they secretly went to the Galata Tower. When the magnificent view of Istanbul unfolded before them in a magical night, the young girl who wished to meet with all her heart believed that her despair would be resolved, but the eyes of the young man were always shadowy and sad.
At that very moment, the sky was pierced, the dark air was illuminated with lightning, and rain that had never been seen before began. The lovers were surprised, they did not know what to do, they ran away from the tower. The young man felt obliged to tell the truth to the girl and their paths parted, never to meet again. After that day, it was believed that if one of the lovers who climbed the tower had gone to the Galata Tower with someone else, this talisman would be broken.
As the “Christos Walls”, three of the Galata Walls are on the land side and one is on the seaside. Entrances and exits to Galata Region; In the past, it was built in two separate parts. The fact that nine of these gates are in the direction of the sea indicates that Galata was a port city. The Galata Walls, which are said to be 14 kilometers in total from start to finish; It is said to have a height of 10 meters to 12 meters. It is known that the son remnants of these walls were washed in 1864.
Galata Tower Legend 2
Genoese sailors, who came to Istanbul for the first time, are told that the white seagull guides in the dark. As a manifestation of their faith, the Genoese, who identify the seagull with the Prophet Jesus, catch, cook and eat it after following it to its nest. They build the Galata Tower in his memory in the place where his home is located.
They say you will marry the person you go to Galata Tower with. This legend dates from Roman times. There is a strong belief that a man and a girl who go to the Galata Tower together will marry and be happy. Of course, one of the parties must have climbed the tower before, because then the talisman is broken. It also means that couples who will go to the tower together are a strong obstacle to not getting married. Galata Tower radiates the energy of living together for a lifetime and being happy in a moment. If you go to Galata Tower as a couple, keep it in mind.
Galata Tower And Maiden's Tower
Legend has it that Galata Tower and Maiden's Tower are in love, but the Bosphorus between them prevents lovers from meeting. İt writes its love for Galata Tower in letters for long years and puts his longing for the Maiden's Tower into words. When Hezarfen Ahmet Çelebi goes here to realize his dream of flying, Galata Tower whispers his love for Maiden's Tower in his ear and gives the letters to him. Taking the wind blowing from Istanbul behind him, Hezarfen delivers the letters to the Maiden's Tower. Realizing that its love is in return, Maiden's Tower also flies into the air and this love adds a new legend to Istanbul.
Walk Around Galata Tower
Galata Museum Entrance Fee
The entrance fee to the Galata Tower for 2022 is Museum Card 30 TL. Cash 100 TL Individuals between the ages of 0-4 can enter the tower free of charge.
The historical building is excluded from the scope of the Muzekart.
Galata Tower Visiting Hours
Galata Tower opens to visitors every morning at 09:00. Closing time is determined as 20.30. Of course, if you have made a reservation for the restaurant, you can enjoy the Galata Tower until 22:00.
Long queues may form in front of the Galata Tower on public holidays, weekends, and religious holidays. Therefore, more flexible time planning is required on these dates.