Turkey Travel Guide
Travel To Turkey
Turkey, share Anatolia (Asian continent) big part and a small part of Thrace (European continent), which is an extension of the Balkans. Surrounded by sea on three sides, Turkey consists of two peninsulas separated by the Bosphorus and the Dardanelles. These straits connect Asia with Europe. Turkey is a favorite destination for tourists with its long shores parallel to the Mediterranean Sea and its extension, the Aegean Sea. The country is a fascinating piece of land that has the most stories in the world and has been a settlement throughout history. It is a place full of vast plains watered by rivers, unique formations on earth formed by volcanic mountains, places decorated with thousands of years of historical heritage, beautiful beaches and coves, mountains, and hills dressed with forests.
Before starting on to the best places to visit in Turkey info, attention to the importance of airport transportation, and the advantage of the chauffeured car rental service for a more satisfying Turkey trip
Ephesus Ancient City
The best way to discover the best places to visit in Turkey is to divide them into regions, such as the Aegean and Mediterranean regions; It is full of ancient cities built around beautiful coasts and beaches throughout. There are impressive excursions and ruins, ski resorts, natural areas, cultural heritage, and of course beaches in Antalya, Muğla, Aydın, İzmir, and Denizli.
When we look at the North of Turkey (Black Sea region); the cities built on steep slopes are fed from the Black Sea. Trabzon, Rize, Artvin, Ordu, Giresun, Samsun, Sinop, Kastamonu, and Bolu. In this region, there are Plateaus, Valleys, Canyons, Streams, Lakes, Beaches, Ski Centers, Thermal Hotels, Trekking, and National Parks.
Central Anatolia region: There are thousands of years of civilizations in Ankara, Kayseri, Konya, Niğde, Nevşehir, and Çorum. Considered one of the seven wonders of the world with its underground cities, Cappadocia, the foundation of the Hittite civilization, Hattusa, and today's name Boğazkale during the Late Bronze Age.
East and Southeast Of Turkey; Mesopotamia, in other words, is the land of Gilgamesh seeking immortality, the land between the Euphrates and Tigris rivers, where human religions sowed their first seeds, and civilizations were born and grew. Şanlıurfa (Gobekli tepe), Diyarbakır, Mardin, Gaziantep, Bitlis, Van, Erzurum, Ağrı.
Aegean & Mediterranean Ancient Cities
Prepare a magnificent excursion route with the ancient cities, and beaches in the Aegean and Mediterranean regions. Discover the best preserved ancient cities of the Mediterranean, the white paradise Pamukkale, or the ancient city of Ephesus. Discover the Lycian way and the Mediterranean landscapes, the unique combination of Turkish and Ancient Greek, and Roman culture. Just a beach break? There are many beaches and beaches in Turkey that you can admire in all four seasons.
Ephesus (Ephesos) Ancient City / İzmir
The history of Ephesos, a rich port city, dates back to BC before the Ionian civilization. It lasts for 9 thousand. In today's Ephesus Ancient City, BC. Remains between the 3rd century and the Eastern Roman periods can be seen. The city, which has the Temple of Artemis, one of the seven wonders of the world, welcomes its visitors with its 19 thousand-seat theater, Celsus Library, Curetes Street, and hillside houses. While Ephesus is gone, the holy center of Christianity is the house of the Virgin Mary and St. We recommend you to see the St. Jean Basilica as well.
Miletus Ancient City / Aydin
In Milet, which is located 22 kilometers from Didim, the cultural center of the Ancient Age, where philosophy and science began, sharing the same atmosphere with philosophers who left their mark on history and looking closely at their stories will also excite you. In Miletus, the fascinating city where the great thinker Thales was born, many buildings bearing traces of the past have managed to survive to the present day in all their glory. The most important of them are; When you press the button of your imagination, you can see the plays and the enthusiastic crowd, the magnificent Milet Theater with a capacity of 19,000 people, the Temple of Athena, the Faustina Bath, the agora meaning public square, the Temple of Serapis.
Pergamon Ancient City / İzmir
It is located in the Bergama District of İzmir. The city, which hosts many cultures, was a pioneer in fine arts and medicine during the Roman period. The city had a library of 200,000 volumes before it moved to Egypt. The steepest theater of Anatolia with a capacity of 13 thousand people, M.S. The Red Court-Serapis Temple was built in the 2nd century and many elements of the classical period cities can be seen.
Ancient City Of Halicarnassus - Bodrum / Muğla
The history of Halicarnassus goes back to 3000 BC; M.O. In the 10th century, it was dominated by the Dorians. Halicarnassus became one of the six cities that the Dorians called the Hexapolis Union. M.O. 6th to 4th century. It remained under the rule of the Lydians and Persians until the beginning of the year, and in this period it came under the influence of the Hellenic culture. The famous historian Herodotus grew up in Halicarnassus. Remains such as the Myndos Gate and the Ancient Theater have been restored and opened to visitors.
Didyma Ancient City / Aydın
Didim, one of the two most important cities of Ionia, dedicated to the god Apollo by the Miletus (the other Ephesus) takes its name from the Greek word "Didyma", which means "twin sister". There is the Temple of Artemis in Ephesus, and the temple of Apollo, the twin sister of Artemis, in Didyma. Didyma, which has become a religious center, was established away from the cities in order to experience religious rituals rather than daily life.
Hierapolis Ancient City / Denizli
The ancient city of Hierapolis, named after the Goddess Hera, is a must-see with its fascinating Pamukkale travertines. It is known as the "Holy City" because it hosts many temples. You can swim in the Ancient Pool of Hierapolis. In the meantime, you can complete your trip by visiting the ancient city of Laodikeia.
Mediterranean Ancient Cities
Perge Ancient City / Antalya
Perge Ancient City, one step ahead of Antalya, is the "Parha" city of the Hittite period. It is the city that opened its doors to Alexander the Great in a friendly manner and became famous for its beauty, which spread through the tongues during the Roman period. It is a magnificent city where the fame of its sculptors goes beyond borders and produces works that are astonishingly beautiful with their unique sculptures. M.S. The Sculpture School, which was established in Perge in the 2nd century, increased the magnificence of the city and also made Perge different from other Pamphylia cities.
Aspendos Ancient City / Antalya
One of the most important cities of Pamphylia is undoubtedly Aspendos. Founding of the ancient city BC. It is said to date back to the 12th century. The reason for this is the Trojan War, which is thought to have taken place at that time and is known to the whole world. After the Doric migrations that started at this time and the migration of tribes to Anatolia, a long Dark Period will begin in Anatolia (1200 BC-750 BC). It is assumed that the Argosians, under the leadership of Mopsos, came to the location of the city of Aspendos and founded the city.
Termessos Ancient City / Antalya
Termessos Ancient City is located almost in the border region with Pamphylia and in the region called Milyas in Pisidia. It is also said that the Termessians, who called themselves Solyms, were called Attarimma by the Hittites. Although it is thought to have a history going back to the Hittite period, the exact information about the city dates back to BC. It starts in the 4th century. B.C. In 333, Termessos is one of the rare cities that Alexander the Great, who took every place one by one, could not take.
Olympos Ancient City / Antalya
Olympos Ancient City is one of the most important cities of Lycia, which is one of the most important regions of the world as well as our country with its nature, history, and culture. It is in the Kumluca district of Antalya, where one of the most popular tracks of the Lycian Way passes. Olympos has a different beauty next to all the cities, its name is so engraved in the memories that you must have heard of it even if you are not interested in these subjects. The mountain known as the house of the Gods in mythology is also called Olympos. Bursa-Uludağ is also known as Olympos.
Patara Ancient City / Antalya
Patara Ancient City is one of the most important cities of the Lycian Region, located in the southwest of Anatolia, between the Pamphylia and Caria regions. Patara, which has a very important position in the difficult geography of the Lycian Region, was the most important port city of the region founded by the Lycians. The main cities of Lycia were generally established in high altitudes. Although there were not many cities on the Lycian coast, the existing cities had grown by showing the characteristics of ports. Here, the ancient city of Patara, thanks to its location, has managed to become the main port of Lycia by showing great developments over the centuries.
Attractions Of Turkey
Places to Visit in Northern Of Turkey
The Black Sea, which starts from the Georgian border Artvin and extends to Sakarya in the west, is the greenest region of Turkey. The Black Sea geography, which attracts the attention of local and foreign tourists, is waiting to be explored from start to finish. The places to visit in the Black Sea are beautiful enough to make you feel reborn in spring and summer.
Karagol / Artvin
Karagöl (black lake)is located among fir forests in the Şavşat district of Artvin. This region is also a natural park area registered with the name of "Karagöl Sahara National Park". Located within the borders of Artvin, Borçka, and Şavşat districts in the Eastern Black Sea region, Karagöl is very famous among nature lovers. Only Karagol? Kaçkar Mountains, Hatila Valley National Park, Maral Waterfall… It also calls out to those who plan to explore the historical sites of Artvin and the touristic places of the Black Sea. For example, Parhali Monastery or Ishani Monastery are ideal places for time travel in Artvin.
Sumela Monastery / Trabzon
Sümela Monastery was built on steep cliffs in Altındere Village, located within the borders of the Maçka district of Trabzon. It is popularly known by the name of "Virgin Mary"
Those who come to Sümela must climb the slope for 20 minutes from the pathway. Then, a museum ticket can be purchased to visit parts of the Sumela Monastery.
Sumela Monastery Sections; student rooms, bedrock church, several chapels, guesthouses, library, and scriptures. The area covered by these sections is quite large. Arches were built at the entrance of the monastery to meet the need for water.
Safranbolu Houses / Karabuk
Safranbolu, a cute town with stone-paved streets, was established in the middle of a big hill. Known for its old wooden Ottoman houses and saffron, it attracts many visitors, especially in the spring. The region, which has an old bazaar, is very rich in terms of tourism. Since Saranbolu, which is dominated by wood and stone, is in the North, which has not changed for centuries, it offers many alternatives in terms of natural beauty.
Safranbolu History Museum, Tokatlı Canyon that fascinates with its natural beauty, Ottoman heritage Safranbolu Houses that made Safranbolu world-famous, İncekaya Aqueduct connecting the two sides of the canyon, Crystal Terrace that lays the entire canyon underfoot, one of the historical and cultural places to see in the city center.
Uzungol / Trabzon
Uzungol is the region where Turkey's rainforests are located. The neighborhood took its name from the lake on which it was founded. The lake was formed when the rocks falling from the slopes blocked the way of the Haldizen Stream. The forest area in Uzungöl is the oldest of those found in the temperate zone on earth. As a characteristic of the typical Black Sea climate, the region is covered with lush vegetation throughout the year as it receives snow in winter and rain in summer.
Ayder Plateau / Rize
Ayder Plateau, located in Rize-Çamlıhemşin, at an altitude of 1350 meters above sea level, Ayder Plateau is covered with spruce and beech forests. It is a highland with its back to the Kaçkar Mountains, whose slopes are covered with pine, and which looks like a paradise and has wonderful natural beauties. Ayder Plateau, which has been the center of attention with its healing water since the Ottoman period, has thermal springs at a depth of 260 meters with a temperature of 55 degrees, which are claimed to cure rheumatic diseases, internal diseases, gynecological diseases, and skin diseases.
Kartalkaya Ski Center / Bolu
Located at the top of the Köroğlu Mountains, Kartalkaya is among the leading ski resorts of winter tourism. Snowboarders gliding through the white snow become an integral part of the Bolu landscape. Kartalkaya also makes an important contribution to the country's tourism with its tracks built in accordance with international standards and hotels that combine luxury and comfort. You will feel more energetic with the effect of the fresh air coming from the pine forests surrounding Kartalkaya Ski Center and you will find peace with the magic of untouched nature.
Amasra / Bartin
Bartın can be a quiet city today, but since ancient times this place has been a living space. So there are many historical artifacts you can see here. For example, Kuşkayası Road Monument or Amasra Castle. Amasra, the most touristic district of Bartın, also offers an activity for culture and history enthusiasts with its museum. Those interested in Bartın's natural beauties should add destinations such as Balamba Nature Park, Güzelcehisar Lava Columns, and Ulukaya Waterfall and Canyon to the list of places to see. Amasra, where the influences of Roman, Byzantine, Genoese, and Ottoman periods can be seen, is one of the most fascinating settlements of the Black Sea. Amasra will offer you a different environment with its lush nature, sea, beaches, food, and history.
Yedigöller & Abant Lake / Bolu
Yedigöller National Park is a place consisting of 7 natural wonders of Turkey, welcoming you with dresses of different colors in every season of the year. Yedigöller, which is at the top of the list of places to visit in Bolu, is 42 km from the city center.
The formation of Lake Abant, which has a distinct visual beauty and a peaceful atmosphere in every period of the year, is due to the stone blocks filling the valley as a result of underground depressions. Covering an area of 125 hectares, the Lake is located at an altitude of 1,325 meters from the sea.
Located in the Mudurnu district of Bolu, the natural wonder lake welcomes thousands of visitors every season of the year. It is possible to take a carriage ride around the lake and do sports.
Central Anatolia (Central Region Of Turkey)
The ruins, naturally protected areas, ancient cities, and underground cities left to us by many civilizations in the Central Anatolia region invite us to take a journey into history. The capital Ankara is the most developed city in the country. Eskişehir, Kayseri, Konya, and Sivas, which are located in the region, are among the developed cities in terms of industry. Aksaray, Ankara, Çankırı, Eskişehir, Karaman, Kayseri, Kırıkkale, Kırşehir, Konya, Nevşehir, Niğde, Sivas and Yozgat are cities to visit.
Best Places To Visit İn Central Anatolia
Erciyes Ski Center, Ilgaz Ski Center, and Elmadağ Ski Center are the important ski centers of Central Anatolia, which receive plenty of snow in the winter season, and it is considered among the important points of winter tourism due to this feature. Especially Erciyes Ski Center is one of the best ski resorts in Turkey.
There are 5 national parks in Central Anatolia; Yozgat Çamlığı National Park, Aladağlar National Park, Göreme Historical National Park, Beyşehir Lake National Park, and Alacahöyük Historical National Park.
Cappadocia: land of beautiful horses, known with fairy chimneys, underground cities, hot air balloon tours, and delicacies food that are unique to Turkey, one of the travel routes that must be experienced in Turkey. Balloon tours are as interesting as fairy chimneys. We can say the best thing to do in Turkey is a Cappadocia tour, which is full of underground cities, cave hotels, valleys, chapels, and churches.
Cappadocia is the general name of the region covering several cities, Göreme in the middle, Kızılırmak and Avanos in the north, Ürgüp in the east, and Uçhisar and Ortahisar in the south. You should definitely add Ihlara valley to your Cappadocia trip.
Goreme Open Air Museum
Göreme Open Air Museum BC. Throughout its history dating back 4 centuries, it has served as a living complex with monasteries, and churches. In the area, which will be dedicated as a settlement spread over a wide area, sacred scenes such as birth, forgiveness, the last meal, baptism, transfiguration, and crucifixion belonging to early Christianity are depicted inside the church monasteries. Even if there is partial destruction over time, regions such as the Girls and Boys Monastery, Elmalı Church, St. Barbara Chapel, Yılanlı Church, Dark Church, Çarıklı Church, Tokalı Church can be visited.
Cappadocia Underground Cities
You should definitely visit a few of Derinkuyu Kaymaklı, Özkonak, Derinkuyu, Tatlarin, Mazı, Özlüce, Sivasa, Gökçetoprak Underground Cities.
Hattusa And Alacahoyuk
Hattusa and Alacahöyük, located within the borders of Çorum in Central Anatolia; It is among the prominent regions of our country with their ancient features. You can find the opportunity to observe many artifacts carved on stone in these centers, which stand out as open-air museums. You should see Hattusha built on a hill in Çorum, which has a very rich heritage from the Hittites and take a cultural tour in Alacahöyük.
Çatalhöyük, located within the borders of the Çumra district of Konya, is one of the first and oldest settlements of humanity. These ruins, which were included in the UNESCO World Cultural Heritage List in 2012, have managed to become one of the most important historical centers of our country since 1958. If you are making a list of places to visit in Central Anatolia, you should definitely write Çatalhöyük in the top 10.
Mevlana Museum & Tomb/Konya
It is located in Aziziye Neighborhood in the Karatay district center of Konya. Mevlana Celaleddin Rumi, one of the important figures of history with his words and life, is a person who conquered the hearts of the whole world with tolerance. Mevlana, who said "whatever you are, come anyway" is remembered with respect by the whole world. For this reason, Mevlana's tomb is visited by millions of people every year. The Mevlana Tomb, which gives a distinctive atmosphere to the city, is located in a large garden. The tomb, which was built after the death of Mevlana in 1274, took its present form with additions over time. There are tombs of Mevlana and his family inside the tomb. Mevlana museum is located right next to the tomb. In this museum, there are artifacts from the Seljuk period, manuscripts of the Koran, and sculptures and objects describing the life of dervishes. I recommend you to visit the Mevlana Tomb, which has a peaceful structure in a large area.
Erciyes Ski Center/Kayseri
It is approximately 25 km from the city center of Kayseri. Erciyes Ski Center, located on the extinct volcano mountain, is a place worth seeing. Whoever comes here wants to come again. There are also accommodation places. It serves until March.
Akhtamar Island - Van
Visit East Of Turkey / Mesopotamia
The Southeastern Anatolia region is the gateway of Anatolia to Ancient civilizations and is the land of many newly discovered ancient civilizations, where the oldest ancient settlements of our country are found everywhere, with plenty of places to visit and ancient cities. The threshold of the Middle East is the gateway to Mesopotamia. Every day, new ancient settlements are discovered within the borders of Southeastern Anatolia. This is a community of civilizations that must be seen, from the traces of ancient civilizations to the shadows of historical cities, from religions living together to places of worship opening to the same street.
Göbeklitepe / Sanli Urfa
Göbeklitepe, which is known as the oldest and largest worship center in the world with its 12 thousand-year histories, has opened a new page in the history of humanity. Göbeklitepe is 7,500 years older than the Egyptian Pyramids and 7,000 years older than Stonehenge in England. In Göbeklitepe, where excavations have been continuing since 1995, 20 temples have been identified, but only 6 of them have been unearthed.
Göbeklitepe is located near the village of Örencik, 15 kilometers northeast of Şanlıurfa in the Southeastern Anatolia region. Göbeklitepe, which is approximately 750 meters above sea level, is a first-degree archaeological site
Mount Nemrut – Adıyaman
Giant statues on Mount Nemrut in the Kahta district of Adıyaman have been watching the sun rise and set for two thousand years from a height of 2150 meters. The magnificence of these statues on Mount Nemrut still continues to fascinate people today.
Known as the 8th Wonder of the World, the Tumulus of Nemrut was built approximately 2000 years ago in a unique corner of Anatolia, on Mount Nemrut, which was chosen as the holiest place, the ruler of the kingdom Commagene, King It was made in the name of I. Antiochos.
At the top of Mount Nemrut, King l. Bones or ashes of Antiochos, 50 meters high and 150 meters in diameter; It is in a burial chamber carved into the bedrock, under the hill covered with 30 thousand cubic meters of crushed stone.
Zeugma Museum – Gaziantep
Zeugma Mosaic Museum is an incredible place where you can see world-famous mosaics and is also the second-largest mosaic museum in the world. The main works from the Late Antiquity, Early Syriac, and Roman periods are Ares Mars Statue and Gypsy Girl Mosaic, Poseidon Mosaic, and Athena Statue Mosaic. There is a reason why we call Mesopotamia the cradle of civilizations. This place has been home to civilizations that have left their mark on the world, from Ancient Greece to Alexander from Rome to the Ottoman Empire. A name from the Roman period in Zeugma.
Gypsy Girl mosaic.
Gypsy Girl Mosaic
The Gypsy Girl mosaic was found as part of the 300 square meter floor of a villa during the rescue of the Belkıs Ruins in 1999. The Gypsy Girl mosaic, which was saved together with the works called Akratos, the goddess of the seasons and the satyr, has also become the symbol of Gaziantep. Although the gender of the Gypsy Girl is a matter of debate; The figure is thought to be Gaia, the Goddess of the Earth and the mother of the gods.
Dara Ancient City / Mardin
The ruins, located in the village of Oğuz on the way to Mardin Nusaybin, are spread over an area of approximately 10 kilometers the village. Mardin Dara Ruins, the most famous city of Mesopotamia, is one of the most important ancient cities of the region with a history of 7,000 years. Dara Ruins between 530 BC and BC It was established as a settlement by the order of the Persian ruler Darxis in 570 BC and hosted the Persian and Babylonian Kingdoms. In the 12th century, first the Umayyads and the Abbasids, and then various principalities, it came under Ottoman rule. The Dara Ruins, located approximately 40 km from Mardin and close to the Syrian border, is actually the ruins of an ancient city. The history of the building, which was used as a military garrison in the Roman Period, dates back to 530 BC. It is possible to make a very special trip to the region where the first dam of Mesopotamia was built!
Hasankeyf is one of the oldest settlements established next to the Tigris river in Batman. It was established in a canyon rising about 100 meters from the Tigris river, and a city made of caves was established by making use of the Tuffy structure of the rocks.
The important land and waterway route of the period and the passage of trade routes from here made Hasankeyf a cross-cultural crossroads. Hundreds of items have been discovered reflecting the cultures of the eastern Mediterranean, Mesopotamia, Rome, and Byzantium, as well as Iranian and Asian cultures.
Hasankeyf castle was built by the Romans to keep the Iranian border under control. In the 3rd century, when the Iranians captured Mesopotamia, the Roman emperor Diocletian took action and took all of Mesopotamia and the places east of the Tigris river. M.S. There is information that Hasankeyf was under the control of the Byzantines in 633 and that the city was under the control of the Muslims with the castle built by the Byzantines in 451 and its works for protection.
The settlement of the ancient city of Hasankeyf was moved with the construction of the Ilısu dam, now you can visit the historical monuments waiting in its new campus.
Eastern Anatolia Attractions
The places to visit in Eastern Anatolia are generally concentrated in the ski center and winter tourism. Eastern Anatolia plays an important role in winter tourism. Especially Erzurum Palandöken Ski Center, Kars Sarıkamış Ski Center, Bingöl Yolkaçtı Ski Center, Bitlis Central Ski Center, Elazığ Sivrice Hazarbaba Ski Center, Erzincan Bolkar Ski Center, and Ağrı Bubi Mountain Ski Center are important ski centers.
Meydanlık Cemetery in Ahlat is a cemetery prepared for those who were martyred in the Battle of Manzikert. Palmettes, lotus, Rumi, rosettes, geometric crosses, tulips, braids, and various border decorations appear on the tombstones here. The tombstones here are decorated with different motifs on the front and back, side facades.
The heights of these tombstones were made taking into account the social position of the deceased. For this reason, the length of some of them reaches from 1 m to 4-5 m. There are names and signatures of artists and calligraphers on these stones.
Akdamar Island, the second largest island of Lake Van, is located in the Gevaş district. It is possible to reach here by ferries departing from Gürpınar. The journey takes 30 minutes. Entrance fee to the island, which has a unique view and a church. However, it can be entered free of charge with a museum card. Akdamar Church was built by King Gagik by Architect Manuel. The construction of the church was completed between 915-921. The building is one of the most important works of the Middle Ages. The red andesite stone used in its construction, exterior decorations, and relief reliefs is interesting.
Mount Ararat, Agri
Mount Ararat is the highest mountain in Turkey. Mount Ararat, a volcanic mountain whose summit is covered with snow and skullcap glacier that does not melt for 4 seasons, is at the eastern end of Turkey, 16 km west of Iran and 32 km south of Armenia. 65% of the mountain is in the province of Iğdır and the remaining 35% is within the borders of the province of Ağrı.
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